Friday, January 29, 2016

1890 Veterans Census Shows A Civil War 
Union Soldier At Home in Cabarrus County


A Census Bureau employee using a Hollerith tabulator in 1908. The Hollerith tabulator
was first used for the 1890 census. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress.
A recent posting on the blog site Family History Daily (www.familyhistorydaily.com) was a story about how the 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War can assist genealogy research as a substitute for the 1890 U. S. Federal Census. As many know, the 1890 census, which contained more than 60 million individuals, was destroyed in a fire in 1921. The special enumeration of Union (and some Confederate) veterans is very large, and 90,000+ images are offered on a number of subscription sites, and for free at www.familysearch.orgAlthough much of it survived the fire, unfortunately, the records for the states of Alabama through Kansas (alphabetically) are mostly lost, Records remain from all states from Kentucky through Wyoming. Finding an ancestor means access to that veteran’s name (or widow’s name and her deceased husband’s name), rank, date of enlistment, date of discharge, address, disability incurred by the veteran, special notes and more.

The National Archives explains: 
The Pension Office requested the special enumeration to help Union veterans locate comrades to testify in pension claims and to determine the number of survivors and widows for pension legislation. Some congressmen also thought it scientifically useful to know the effect of various types of military service upon veterans' longevity. To assist in the enumeration, the Pension Office prepared a list of veterans' names and addresses from their files and from available military records held by the War Department. The superintendent of the census planned to print in volumes the veterans information (name, rank, length of service, and post office address) compiled from the 1890 enumeration and place copies with libraries and veterans organizations so individuals could more easily locate their fellow veterans.
Curious as to whether any Cabarrus County veterans were on the list, further investigation showed one: a Union soldier by the name of A. F. Frame of Tulin (Tulin was a district near Odell School Road and Windy Road. In 1942 it was absorbed into Concord and Kannapolis). Allen F. Frame, born and raised in Goshen, Indiana, served as a Private in Company E of the 129th Indiana Volunteers, mustering in March 6, 1864. His unit eventually ended up in Charlotte where it served provost duty (military guard). Frame had suffered some injuries during the war, but worked as a teamster. He mustered out on August 29, 1865. Frame decided to stay in North Carolina: the reason was Margaret Cline. According to a February 28, 1890 article in the The Standard (Concord):
"He has been living here since 1865, and says the reason for his coming back here is that he fell in love with a Southern girl while here fighting, and came back here for her and she made him stay."
 U.S., Civil War Pension Index file for Allen Frame, www.Ancestry.com.
Original data: National Archives and Records Administration.
After securing employment with a Dr. Scott, Allen and Margaret were married on March 29, 1866. The couple purchased a farm in No. 3 Township (Odell), part of the old John Bradford plantation, where they raised cotton. Because of his war injuries, Allen was awarded a generous government pension. Sadly, Margaret died while still young and their only son, Willie, died in 1893 at the age of 23. Willie left a wife and 10-day-old son, William Robert Frame. After Willie's death, Allen sold the farm and moved to a home on McGill Ave. in Concord. There he found work at a mill. On May 16, 1907, he married Margaret Simpson.

Although a native Yankee, Allen Frame was well respected in the community and known for his kindness and generosity. A Concord paper even described him as a soldier who had "fought bravely and honestly." One story told that when work began to slacken at one of the various mills of the city, Mr. Frame had a job that was paying $6 per week. He also had a neighbor who lost his job at the same wages, and in order that the neighbor might not be long idle, Mr. Frame gave his job to his neighbor, stating at the time that his $30 per month from the government would be sufficient to keep him. 

Allen Frame suffered a stroke on July 16, 1908. Without hope of recovery, he died at his home on July 20. 

You may be surprised who you find in the 1890 Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War -  even an old Union soldier who found family and friends in Cabarrus County. 

"United States Census of Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890,"  A F Frame. 


Additional sources:
  • http://www.civilwarindex.com/armyin/129th_in_infantry.html
  • www.ancestry.com
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odell_School,_North_Carolina#Tulin_telephone_exchange
  • The Concord Daily Tribune, "The Death Record," 20 Jul 1908, p. 1

Friday, January 15, 2016

Roy Durant is credited with bringing lespedeza to Cabarrus County. Photo: "Yes, a fine crop of barley and vetch," Cabarrus County, NC, c. 1929. Courtesy of NC Cooperative Extension Service, NCSU, University Archives Photographs. 




Roy Goodman Helped Cabarrus Farmers
Improve Through Knowledge


Roy Durant Goodman, 1939.
As a demonstration agent for the North Carolina Cooperative Extension, Roy Durant Goodman spent his career as an important adviser to Cabarrus County's farming community. Tasked with promoting food 
safety, market cooperatives and new developments in planting, farming techniques and equipment, Roy not only provided a valuable service to area farmers, but became known as a trusted and competent consultant and friend.


The roots of the Cooperative Extension go back to the agricultural clubs and societies which sprang up after the American Revolution in the early 1800s. In 1914, Congress passed The Smith Lever Act, establishing the U. S. Department of Agriculture's partnership with land-grant universities to address rural agricultural issues. At the time, more than 50 percent of the U.S. population lived in rural areas, and 30 percent of the workforce was engaged in farming. The Smith Lever Act helped make possible the American agricultural revolution, dramatically increasing food production and economic development. In North Carolina, the Cooperative Extension is a project of North Carolina State University, formerly known as North Carolina State College. Programs developed at the campus are delivered to people through centers across the state. Agents act as a bridge between specialists at the university and local residents. 

Born in Cabarrus County on 14 Jan 1889, Roy was the third child of Caleb Jackson Goodman and Laura J. Litaker Goodman. A sister, Lottie Belle, and a brother, Charley, died in early childhood. Another sister, Annie, died as a young woman. Two other brothers, Fred G. Goodman and Hugh J. Goodman, were prominent farmers in the Winecoff community. There were also four Goodman half-sisters: Gladys, Hazel, Louise and Marie. Paternal grandparents were Franklin Stafford Goodman and Mary Suther, and maternal grandparents were Ephraim Litaker and Margaret Winecoff. Both grandfathers were Civil War veterans.


Roy Durant Goodman, 1913.
Farm-bred and interested in farming since early boyhood, Roy attended North Carolina State College. He majored in animal husbandry and graduated in 1913 with a degree in agriculture, and in 1930 received a master's degree. In 1914, 
Roy began his duties as a farm demonstration agent for Cabarrus County at a desk located in the corner of the court house grand jury room. In 1923, he moved to an office in the new county building where he oversaw the growing program and staff. As owner of Woodside Farm, he spoke to farmers from the standpoint of both experience and knowledge.

Roy served Cabarrus County during the World Wars and throughout the Great Depression. His emphasis was on farm management for individual farmers. His staff of extension home economists taught farm women — who traditionally maintained the household — good nutrition, surplus food canning, gardening, home poultry production, home nursing, furniture refinishing, and sewing — skills that helped many farm families survive the years of economic depression and drought. Also taught were youth development programs such as 4-H. 

Respected throughout the community, Roy's efforts helped people gain practical knowledge. When the farm department of the Jackson Training School faced a shortage of corn silage for the two 100-ton silos on the farm, Roy advised the farm superintendent, Lee White, to plant a particular variety of sorghum as well as corn. The result was a growth of two to three times the amount of silage. He is credited with helping to develop Guernsey dairy herds in the county, modern milking methods and introducing Korean lespedeza, also known as bush clover, as a drought-resistant plant useful for pasture, hay and soil improvement. Roy and cooperation farmers also invented a bull-tongue plow to better work the lespedeza.

Roy Goodman was married twice. His first marriage was on 14 Jan 1914 to Mary Ola Johnson, daughter of Victor and Tina Johnson. They had two sons: Ray Jackson Goodman and Victor Johnson Goodman. Sadly, Mary died during the influenza epidemic of 1918. Roy's second marriage on 15 Jun 1921 was to Sophia Moose, daughter of Giles M. and Rosa C. Moose. Roy and Sophia had three more children: Carey, Earl and Ruth Goodman.

Roy Goodman died on 5 Oct 1978. He and Sophia are buried at Mount Olivet United Methodist Church Cemetery in Concord.


Sources:

  • https://www.ces.ncsu.edu/history/
  • http://nifa.usda.gov/cooperative-extension-history
  • North Carolina State University, The Agromeck 1913 Yearbook, (Raleigh, NC), digital image, U.S., School Yearbooks, 1880-2012, Ancestry.com (http://goo.gl/R0PG3X), p 36, 1913.
  • Kidd, Mary Frix, "Minute Biography: Roy Durant Goodman," Concord Tribune, 17 Dec 1939, p. 8.
  • "Cane for Silage," Charlotte Observer, 26 Nov 1934, p. 13.
  • "Cabarrus Farmers Invent Tools: Cabarrus Bull-Tongue Plow," Charlotte Observer, 14 Nov 1932, p. 11.
  • Find A Grave, online database, (www.findagrave.com), entry for Roy Durant Goodman, created by JW, # 26512731, 2008
  • North Carolina, Death Certificates, 1909-1976, digital image, Ancestry.com (http://goo.gl/bfmVbb), entry for Caleb Jackson Goodman.